Fabric In Fashion | Introduction to Weaves

Fabric In Fashion | Introduction to Weaves


Fibers can be spun into different kinds of yarn and these yarns can be woven into a large variety of fabrics. Weaving is just one way to create textiles. Yarns might also be knitted or knotted. Weaves can be very simple like a plain weave, which is made from one set of vertical
yarns called the warp, interlacing with a second set of yarns called the weft. Or they might be very complicated, incorporating multiple sets of yarns that vary in size and texture and different weave patterns. The Museum at FIT conservation team uses magnification to identify textile weaves, which helps them determine how to best protect the objects in the collection. Satin, for example, is woven with long floats of yarn closely packed on the surface. This gives the fabric its reflective appearance. But, because fewer yarns are
interlaced into the weave, satin is susceptible to snagging and damage by abrasion. Conservators take this into account when handling for exhibition and storage. Fibers and weaves work together to create the physical characteristics of a textile. This is often referred to as the handle or hand of the fabric. This handle might be pliable or stiff, smooth or textured, light or heavy. There are almost endless combinations that can be used for designing and
making textiles, giving fashion designers vast resources for their creativity.

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