The sustainable wardrobe: wood-based fabric selection.

The sustainable wardrobe: wood-based fabric selection.

Hi everyone! So nice to see you here,
again on my channel. Here is the second episode
of the Sustainable Wardrobe series. Today we will talk about
wood-based semisynthetic fabrics and discuss their sustainability. Semi-synthetic fabrics are made
from a natural source, more specifically from wood, but require processing with chemicals to transform that natural source into a fibre
that can be used for clothing. These include Viscose Rayon,
Modal and Lyocell. Viscose rayon is similar to cotton
or other semi-synthetic fabrics. Rayon is more moisture absorbent than cotton, soft, comfortable to wear, is wrinkle resistant, and
it doesn’t have a problem with static. It doesn’t insulate body heat making it suitable for use in hot
and humid climates. Viscose rayon is not as strong
as natural cotton or linen and has a tendency to shrink when washed. It’s biodegradable and can be recycled. Conventional Viscose Rayon is most
often made from Bamboo that must be processed with toxic chemicals in order to extract and purify the cellulose. The purified cellulose is treated
to form regenerated cellulose filaments. Eventually, these filaments are spun into yarns and turned into the Viscose Rayon fabric. The chemicals that are used in this process are toxic to both humans and the environment. Although, bamboo can be grown
without any chemical fertilizers or pesticides, it is not always the case. Another problem is deforestation. The fabric for the rayon clothes
made in China most likely comes from Indonesia, where old-growth rainforests are being destroyed to plant bamboo specifically
for textile manufacturing. Modal is also cellulosic fibre
and a variation of rayon. It looks a lot like cotton, but it has a soft and silky feel. Modal is a strong and wear resistant fabric that also doesn’t shrink
as easily as viscose rayon or cotton. Modal is manufactured from cellulose using almost the same chemical
processing like rayon. Although the manufacturing process
is a closed loop, which means that the chemicals used
in the processing are captured and reused. Modal fabric is biodegradable
and can be recycled. Originally, Modal has been known
to be harvested from sustainably managed
Beech tree plantations. However, the modal supply chain is known
to utilise wood stock that is grown in areas of the rainforest,
as well as using ancient woodstock. Just listen to this: every year, more than 70 million trees
are cut down to make our clothing. That number is projected to double by 2025. The contribution of fashion
to deforestation is so significant that the Rainforest Action Network ran
a global campaign- Out of Fashion– pressure brands like Forever 21,
Abercrombie & Fitch, and Victoria’s Secret away from their use of unsustainable modal
(along with viscose rayon). As you can see, Modal fabric is not entirely sustainable. The lack of transparency in the supply chain makes it difficult to ensure
that modal or any other type of wood-based fabric
you are wearing is not implicated in deforestation. Lyocell, also known as Tencel, is a soft as silk, breathable,
lightweight and comfortable fabric. It’s also durable, strong
and resistant to wrinkles. Lyocel can be sourced from bamboo, eucalyptus and other types of trees. It’s produced through a special loop system, in which non-toxic chemicals
are captured and reused, rather than polluting the environment. It’s also fully biodegradable and can be recycled. Lyocel made out of eucalyptus trees
is considered to be the most sustainable option. This is because eucalyptus
grows quickly without irrigation, doesn’t need chemical pesticides
and doesn’t affect wildlife that much. I would say that Lyocell is by far
the most sustainable fabric here as its production process doesn’t
require toxic chemicals and it’s most often
made out of eucalyptus trees that need little water and land to grow. If you’re looking for an alternative to cotton, Lyocell might be it. Viscose Rayon and Modal are less sustainable, as their production require
use of toxic chemicals that are dangerous to humans
and the environment. Besides, we can’t always guarantee that the wood source for these fabrics didn’t come from destroying ancient
or endangered forests. So, maybe it’s better to avoid them altogether. That’s it. I hope you found this video
interesting and useful. If you have any questions or suggestions, share them with me in the comments below. Let’s chat. Next time we’ll talk about
the synthetic types of fabrics and discuss their sustainability. If you like this idea, please press Like and don’t forget to subscribe to my channel. Thank you for watching!
See you next time!

45 Replies to “The sustainable wardrobe: wood-based fabric selection.”

  1. Like your other videos Daria this one was so informative, well organized and motivating. It was so GOOD I'll be sharing it on fb and my blog. You explain everything so well – and you've inspired me to search out Tencel and Lyocel for my fabric choices. Rayon has been around for years – I remember the first time coming across it in clothing and disliking it from the beginning. It never held up well through washes – one wash and it often turns into a rag and now that so much clothing is made with it what terrible environmental destruction this fabric is causing. Loosing our old rain forests is losing our global oxygen generators. Without them our oxygen levels drop (which it has already significantly leading to increased rates of cancer) I have been using bamboo/cotton in my sewing however thinking it was a more sustainable fabric (although it's a nightmare to work with!) but I'm going to stop that now having watched your video!

  2. It was very useful for me to repeat qualities of fabrics as to the consultant in clothing store. It's great that you talk about environmental friendliness on your channel. Thank u!❤️

  3. Благодарю за интересные и ёмкие видео, смотрю ваш канал постоянно, просто вдохновляет ваша жизнерадостность! Такой вопрос: я смотрела раньше ваши видео с русскими субтитрами, что помогало мне быстрее воспринять информацию, с недавних пор русские субтитры перестали появляться и я смотрю видео с автопереводчиком и когда это простые темы, то все в принципе понятно, а когда возникают названия тканей, химические составляющие, научные данные, приходится часто останавливаться и переводить каждое слово. Будут ли ещё появляться русские субтитры или может нужна помощь или время для их редактирования?

  4. Очень хотелось бы чтобы информация была на русском языке, подписана на Ваш канал давно и очень жаль что перестали работать на русскоязычную аудиторию

  5. Unfortunately eucalyptus does effect wildlife, especially in the areas where humans artificially plant it. This tree is very "monopolistic", local flora cannot compete with it and eventually disappears. That's quite a problem in the north of Spain.

  6. I love these educational videos! I've never really thought about the environmental impact of my clothing, and this is definitely helping to open my eyes. Can't wait for the next installment!

  7. If I had my way most of my clothes would made from eucalyptus. I had a set of eucalyptus bedsheets for six years that never faded or stretched. I lost one of them when it got tangled in the washer and ripped. I'm thinking of making a dress from the other one, lol.

  8. How does one iron tencel fabrics? I've tried using a pressing cloth over it but wrinkles are still present. When I do direct ironing, I find that I get shiny patches on it despite using low heat, and I once read that shiny patches (mostly noticed in pants) occurs due to the scorching of polyester from high heat. So I'm a little confused here!

  9. These are my favourite videos! I find it hard to find reliable sources of i formation in fashion in terms of the prodution line and materials. Can you recommend any sites that are based on research and not just "I've heard"?

  10. You have one of the most beautiful and informative channels I've come across. It's so cool how you've combined beauty and style with sustainability. Your videos are so helpful and your style is gorgeous. Love from Finland 🙂

  11. Reformation, supposedly a more sustainable brand, uses mostly viscose up for all their clothes. Anyone that wouldn't know the process to get this fiber would or does praise this brand as sustainable, when in reality it really isn't.
    I'm glad you showed this information! How do you shop for your clothes knowing all this?

  12. Terrific video. Eileen Fisher seems to have transparent sourcing for lyocell and other fabrics. I dare department stores to have mandatory education on fabrication!

  13. Very helpful and so informative! Thank you for sharing! Have researched what companies is best to buy from please? 🙂

  14. thanks for a very informative video! 👍 I have been using a capsule wardrobe for several years now, and it is very gratifying to know that it also helps the environment as well as keep my home clutter free. I am definitely going to look further into tech to sing more sustainable clothing.

  15. Wow Daria! Thank you! You will get tired of reading this but thank you thank you thank you for taking the time to research and make these informative videos. I had heard of viscose only but had no idea there were wood-based fabrics. Also, thank you for all the links and resources you provide on your website for alternative eco-friendly brands.

  16. Обожаю ваш канал!! Мне нравится именно атмосфера и качество. А также Ваш голос очень приятен))) Начала смотреть когда были русские субтитры, сейчас конечно сложнее стало воспринимать информацию, потому что с английским языком есть проблемы. Но с другой стороны очень полезно и общий контекст можно понять, тем более что наглядно все видно и есть пояснения на английском языке. Спасибо огромное за Ваш труд. Продолжайте в том же духе и, надеюсь, появится помощник с русскими субтитрами и будет всем хорошо)))

  17. Daria, thank you for sharing this information, as I have wondered at both the process and content of these fabrics. Perhaps you could also address the issue of breathability a little bit more. Modal seems to have good breathability for individuals who suffer night sweats. It seems lighter, more moisture wicking and quick drying than cotton, linen, or viscose/ rayon. In fact, viscose comes in at a close 2nd. Based on this, modal seems to have an important function presently lacked by the other fabrics. If you know of other fabrics which provide the same benefit, please let us know. Thanks, Maria

  18. The state of the clothing industry can be such so discouraging, but the growth of interest in content like this keeps me hopeful that we're all on a good track to a more sustainable life.

  19. I buy only second hand, besides from my underwear, do you think i still have to pay much attention to the fabrics? Or is it okay for me to be less strict about it since it is all recycled items? 🙂
    Love from Denmark ;-*

  20. Очень познавательно,благодарю за труд! Не знала,что смешанные ткани не разлагаются…Удивительно,но в Ветхом Завете были такие заповеди:не делать материю из разных нитей и не создавать гибридов фруктов-овощей,раньше не понимала смысл.Мы сами губим планету и себя(

  21. Thank you for making this! People aren't educated in these things (neither was I), so videos like these will help change the future 😀 not to mention your fashion guides are bomb

  22. I really love that there is a trend for capsule wardrobes, thrifting, sustainable materials and recycling. I just hope it catches on fast enough and that everyone drops their shopping addictions… I'm so tired of seeing nature being destroyed through consumerism.

  23. Hello sir ,
    I sales Lenzing Brand (Tencel, Modal , Viscose , Ecovero )
    If any Bangladesh spinning mills want those Item Fiber
    please contact with me +8801511366162

  24. I like this one so much, but Eucalyptus, its leaves has toxic itself and deteriorate the soil.

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